UN

  • Traditional Knowledge & Climate Science

    uploaded by: UNUChannel

    Video Series where Science and Traditional Knowledge meet to respond to climate change.

    With deep connections to nature, the world's indigenous people and local communities are experiencing some of the most pronounced effects of climate change. This video series focuses on some of the key links between traditional knowledge and science regarding climate change.

    Video sub-titles are also available in Spanish, French, Portuguese and Russian

    www.unutki.org

    Read more

    uploaded date: 28-10-2013

  • Programs on the Alta Outcome Document (2014)

    uploaded by: Cultural Survival

    These programs describe and analyze the Alta Outcome Document, which resulted from the Global Preparatory Meeting held in Alta, Norway, in June of 2013, in preparation for the High Level Plenary Meeting of the UN General Assembly, known as the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples.… Read more

    uploaded date: 10-10-2014

  • 1m 39s

    Interviews from the World Conference on Indigenous Women (2013)

    uploaded by: Cultural Survival

    channel: World Conference on Indigenous Women (2013)

    Over 200 women from around the world gathered to discuss the need for greater prominence of Indigenous women at every level of decision making, and called upon governments to dedicate funding to attend to the specific needs of Indigenous women. These interviews were recorded at the World Conference on Indigenous Women, which took place in October of 2013 in Lima, Peru.

    Read more

    uploaded date: 10-10-2014

  • 6m 36s

    Climate Change Refugees

    uploaded by: UNUChannel

    channel: Climate Changed World

    The effects of climate change on indigenous communities living on a sandy island in Papua New Guinea.

    Nicholas Hakata, a local youth leader, explains that with sea level rise, he and his family have been surviving on fish and coconuts, and battling malaria-infected swamp mosquitoes. With doos aid ships coming twice a year, the relocation plans are slow. Hungry and frustrated, Islanders have set up their own relocation team and have begun the urgent tasks of moving their families closer to security.

    Unitted Nations University (2012)

    Read more

    uploaded date: 28-10-2013

  • 5m 31s

    Fighting Carbon with Fire

    uploaded by: UNUChannel

    channel: Climate Changed World

    Arnhem Land - Aboriginal fire ecologist, Dean Yibarbuk, explains how traditional fire management practices have kept the country healthy for thousands of years.

    Recently, his team have been working with local scientists to adapt the regime of traditional fire management to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

    The fire abatement scheme of Australia's Western Arnhemland is a carbon offset community programme, gaining a lot of international attention.

    United Nations University (2012)

    Read more

    uploaded date: 28-10-2013

  • 9m 5s

    The Forbidden Forest of the Dayak

    uploaded by: UNUChannel

    channel: Cara's Picks

    Deep in the remaining old growth forests of Borneo, the Setulang Dayak village guards its forest with deep commitment.

    To date, the village's traditional law of Tana Olen (forbidden forest), withstands increasing pressure from encroaching logging industries. Now as rapid development rolls in, the village is trying to secure sustainable and forest-friendly future, including a eco-tourism venture and carbon credits.

    United Nations University (2012)

     

    Read more

    uploaded date: 28-10-2013

  • Climate Changed World

    uploaded by: UNUChannel

    Stories from a Climate Changed World

    Sharing indigenous perspectives

    A series of short videos produced by the  United Nations University, about the effects on climate change on indigenous communities in a variety of geographic regions.

    The UNU generates and shares knowledge on issues relevant to the promotion of human security and development, particularly in the developing countries.

    These videos were produced in collaboration with indigenous communities in Central Asia and the Pacific and the UNU-IAS Traditional Knowledge Initiative.

    This work forms part of the on-going Indigenous Peoples Climate-Change Assessment with financial support from The Christensen Fund and also with support from the UNU-VIE PALM Project.

    These stories are also showcased in the UNU's web magazine called Our World 2.0 that looks at the interconnected issues of climate change, peak oil, food security and biodiversity.

    Read more

    uploaded date: 28-10-2013

  • UN's fact-finder on First Nations sets off on Canadian mission

    uploaded by: Cara Di Staulo

    channel: DID News

    'The idea is to get a firsthand view of the situation of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada by hearing directly from as many as I can,' law professor James Anaya says

    By JOE FRIESEN

    It's a whirlwind fact-finding tour that will highlight points of tension in Canada's relationship with its aboriginal peoples, but it could also offer a road map to reconciliation.

    James Anaya, the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, begins his first visit to Canada with meetings in Ottawa Monday and Tuesday with top officials from the federal government, including Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt. He will then travel across the country to listen directly to the concerns of aboriginal people and to observe the social and economic conditions in which they live.

    While the visit is sure to draw attention to issues such as poverty, ill-health and conflict over pipelines and mining projects, it could also present opportunities to educate Canadians about the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which Canada endorsed in 2010, and on the obligations of all Canadians as treaty people.

    Prof. Anaya, who teaches human-rights law at the University of Arizona, said in an interview Sunday that he's anxious to investigate a number of issues that Canadians have written to him about in recent years, including resource development, land claims, the residential schools and the plight of missing and murdered aboriginal women. He's also interested to learn more about the outcomes of the Idle No More movement, which he followed closely.

    "It's a broad range of issues, but I'm really going to be guided by what aboriginal people and the government signal as the ones that are in need of still greatest attention. I don't want to prejudge what I'm going to highlight before I listen to everybody over the next nine days or so," Prof. Anaya said. "The purpose of the visit is to listen and to learn and to contribute to your discussion on how to address the challenges that are outstanding."

    One of the places Prof. Anaya will visit is the Ermineskin Cree Nation in Alberta. Wilton Littlechild, who is the chair of the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, is originally from Ermineskin and along with the chief and council invited Prof. Anaya to visit the community. He said he expects people will want to talk about a suite of pending federal legislation that will affect the rights of indigenous people, including the proposed First Nations Education Act, which seeks to modernize the organization of schools on reserve. Some aboriginal people oppose the legislation because they feel it was produced with insufficient consultation.

    Also, Prof. Anaya recently produced a report on indigenous people and extractive industries that endorsed the general rule of free, prior and informed consent as a basic requirement for any operation on indigenous land, an issue of pressing concern in Western Canada and the North.

    "He's interested in whether there are any good practices out there on extractive industries and indigenous people," Mr. Littlechild said. "He's always asking me if there's anything out there we could lift up as a good model."

    Mr. Littlechild said he's optimistic the visit will spark a constructive dialogue.

    "If he would link treaties as a solution with the UN declaration I think it would go a long way to reconciliation," said Mr. Littlechild. "That would be be a very good outcome to his visit. It would really provoke us to work together."

    Prof. Anaya initially asked the Canadian government for an invitation to visit in early 2012. It took until a few months ago to obtain official approval, although Prof. Anaya said that's not unusual. Prof. Anaya will deliver a preliminary assessment at the conclusion of his visit and a final report in a few months time.

    www.theglobeandmail.com

    Read more

    uploaded date: 08-10-2013

  • UN Special Rapporteur to gauge aboriginal peoples' progress

    uploaded by: Cara Di Staulo

    channel: DID News

    James Anaya's visit comes at delicate time for federal government's relationship with First Nations

    By Karina Roman

    CBC News

    The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is about to put Canada under a microscope.

    James Anaya is arriving this weekend, before embarking on a nine-day tour of the country, starting Monday.

    He will meet with aboriginal people, as well as government officials and even natural resource industry representatives.

    Anaya's predecessor visited in 2003 and his final report was not flattering to Canada. It highlighted the continuing inequalities that aboriginal people face in Canada, in terms of economic and social rights, education, housing and health.

    "The purpose of my visit is to take stock of what progress has been made," Anaya told CBC News in an interview from his office at the law faculty of the University of Arizona. "That past report does serve as a benchmark of sorts for my visit."

    In February of 2012, Anaya asked the Canadian government if he could come visit.

    He didn't hear back until more than a year later, just this past spring.

    "Of course I would have liked to have earlier acceptance of the visit, but I'm more pleased that it was eventually accepted," he said.

    Assembly of First Nations National Chief Shawn Atleo. (Canadian Press)

    Anaya's visit comes at a critical time for indigenous peoples. In an interview with CBC News, Assembly of First Nations National Chief Shawn Atleo outlined why.

    "Deep impoverishment, over 600 murdered, missing indigenous women and girls, underfunding in education, challenging Canada at the Canadian Human Rights Commission," he listed, adding that Anaya's visit will be "the holding up of a mirror, reflecting back to Canada, about its relationship with First Nations."

    But the UN Special Rapporteur's visit also comes at a critical time for the federal government.

    Resource development

    Prime Minister Stephen Harper has staked the future prosperity of the country on natural resource development, much of which would take place on or near indigenous lands.

    Anaya said it is clear what those industries need to do.

    "If the extractive activities go forward, it (must) be done so with the consent of the indigenous people concerned and consistent with their own aspirations for development," Anaya said.

    Without proper consultation, Anaya warned what will happen.

    "There's going to be social conflict and typically the projects aren't going to be sustainable, not just because of the social conflict but because of the inability of the project to go forward without the active support of the people most affected by the activity."

    www.cbc.ca

    Read more

    uploaded date: 04-10-2013

  • U.N. Declaration Anniversary Draws Aboriginal Calls for Resource Control in Canada

    uploaded by: Cara Di Staulo

    channel: Isuma News

    The next step in the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is to give them full control over whether resource development projects take place on their land, Canada’s aboriginals said in a statement commemorating the sixth anniversary of the 2007 signing of the document.

     “Decisions about the land go to the very heart of who we are as Indigenous Peoples,” said Perry Bellegarde, Chief of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations and Saskatchewan Regional Chief of the Assembly of First Nations, in the statement, which was also signed by Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, Amnesty International of Canada, the Council of Canadians and several other groups. “We need to be able to make our own decisions, with full access to all the relevant information and without pressure or coercion, to ensure that the land is used in a way that reflects our values and our needs. We will always promote processes that unite us in finding long-lasting solutions.”

    “Inuit have indicated through our joint Circumpolar Inuit Declaration on Resource Development Principles in Inuit Nunaat that we want to be partners in development and seek out projects that benefit our communities,” said National Inuit Leader Terry Audla, President of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. “We see this as a natural extension of our rights as Aboriginal People, which are protected in Canada’s Constitution and in our five comprehensive land claims as well as the U.N. Declaration.”

    Below is the full statement.

    JOINT STATEMENT

    Indigenous Peoples have the right to make decisions about the development of their lands

    Six years ago—on September 13, 2007—the United Nations General Assembly adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as the minimum standards for the “survival, dignity and well-being” of Indigenous Peoples around the world.

    The UN Declaration recognizes Indigenous Peoples’ right to self-determination and calls for the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples in all decisions potentially affecting their land. The Declaration urges partnership and collaboration between states and Indigenous Peoples. It sets out the requirement of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) to protect the right of Indigenous Peoples to make decisions about whether and when development should proceed.

    Implementation of the UN Declaration remains critical as Indigenous Peoples around the world continue to face exploitation of the natural resources of their territories. FPIC and other rights affirmed in the UN Declaration provide indispensable safeguards as Indigenous Peoples struggle to overcome a history of discrimination, marginalization and dispossession.

    James Anaya, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, has said, “Implementation of the Declaration should be regarded as a political, moral and legal imperative without qualification.”

    In this context, it is alarming that Canada, a country at the center of the global extractive industry, continues to fight against recognition and implementation of the human rights protections set out in the UN Declaration.

    An estimated three-quarters of the world’s mining and mineral exploration companies are headquartered in Canada. Canada’s national Economic Action Plan is intended to support the development of an estimated 600 new large-scale resource extraction projects in the next decade. Also, Canada is promoting opportunities for Canadian oil and gas, mining and other extractive industries to expand their operations around the world.

    Many of these projects will affect lands and waters that Indigenous Peoples depend on as the basis of their economies, cultural traditions, languages and spiritual life. Indigenous Peoples’ rights over these lands are often the subject of ongoing legal disputes arising from centuries of unlawful dispossession under discredited doctrines such as Terra Nullius and the Doctrine of Discovery. In some cases, such as oil sands extraction or hydraulic fracturing, the long term and cumulative effects of the planned development are poorly understood.

    For Indigenous women, unchecked resource development has been especially destructive, contributing to a rise in violence, sex trafficking and exploitation as large numbers of outside workers are brought into Indigenous Peoples’ territories.

    A very high standard of precaution is essential to ensure that any decisions about resource development benefit rather than harm Indigenous Peoples. Under international human rights law, that standard will almost always be one of free, prior and informed consent.

    Regretfully Canada has taken the unsupportable position that the UN Declaration should have no effect on development decisions. This position is contrary to basic principles of international law and the decisions of Canadian courts.

    International human rights instruments such as the UN Declaration provide vital guidance to governments, courts and the private sector in defining the rights that may be at stake and the measures needed to protect them. The UN Declarationreflects foundational principles of international law, such as the prohibition against racial discrimination, and incorporates standards already well-established through expert interpretation and application of other regional and international human rights instruments.

    Canadian courts have concluded that declarations and other instruments are “relevant and persuasive” sources of interpretation of human rights in Canada. Court interpretation of the affirmation of Aboriginal and Treaty rights in the Canadian Constitution has evolved in parallel to international law and reached conclusions that would support international human rights, including free, prior and informed consent. The Supreme Court of Canada has called for Indigenous Peoples’ meaningful participation in decision making and the substantial accommodation of their concerns including, where there are very serious issues, acknowledgement that projects should proceed on the basis of Indigenous Peoples’ consent. The Supreme Court of Canada will specifically consider the relevance of international human rights standards including the UN Declaration in a crucial case on Aboriginal title, the William case, which comes before the Court this November.

    The federal government has opposed the right of FPIC by casting it as an unacceptable power of absolute veto. This is misleading. Very few rights in international law are absolute. International human rights bodies have been clear that FPIC is a protective measure that is applied in proportion to the potential for harm – the same standard supported by Canadian courts.

    The federal government’s continued opposition to FPIC puts Canada at odds with progressive trends within industry. Since the adoption of the UN Declaration, there has been clear and growing momentum toward FPIC in the private sector with the standard being adopted or endorsed by influential bodies, including the International Financial Corporation, the arm of the World Bank responsible for private sector funding, and the International Council on Mining and Metals.

    The imposition of resource development without the meaningful involvement of Indigenous Peoples, or against their wishes, is a colonialist model that has no place in the 21st Century. We must dispense with colonial attitudes and practices so that the human rights of all can be respected and fulfilled without discrimination. The UN Declaration provides a roadmap for another approach, based on human rights, justice, non-discrimination and reconciliation – values that all Canadians can be proud to support. Such an approach is long overdue and should be embraced.

    The joint statement was endorsed by the following organizations:

    Amnesty International Canada
    Assembly of First Nations
    Canadian Friends Service Committee (Quakers)
    Chiefs of Ontario
    Council of Canadians
    Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations
    First Nations Summit (British Columbia)
    Femmes Autochtones du Québec / Quebec Native Women
    Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee)
    Haudenosaunee of Kanehsatà:ke
    Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
    KAIROS: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives
    MiningWatch Canada
    Native Women’s Association of Canada
    Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs

    www.indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com

    Read more at Indian Country Today

     

    Read more

    uploaded date: 13-09-2013

  • UN Special Rapporteur to visit Canada

    uploaded by: Cara Di Staulo

    channel: Isuma News

    United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to carry out official visit to Canada from 12 to 20 October 2013

    The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Professor James Anaya, will carry out an official visit to Canada from 12 to 20 October 2013. The aim of the Special Rapporteur's visit to Canada is to examine the human rights situation of the indigenous peoples of the country. During the visit, the Special Rapporteur will hold meetings and consultations with government officials, as well as with indigenous nations and their representatives in various locations.

    The Special Rapporteur is currently developing his agenda to visit locations throughout Canada. Further information and updates about the agenda of the Special Rapporteur, including opportunities to participate in consultations, will be made public on the website of the Special Rapporteur as it becomes available: www.unsr.jamesanaya.org. Please check that website periodically for updates.

    The Special Rapporteur invites indigenous peoples and organizations, and other interested parties, to send information relevant to the visit to Canada or any other aspect of the mandate to: indigenous@ohchr.org. Please be aware that, due to the large volume of invitations and information submitted, the Special Rapporteur may not be able to respond individually to each request.

    The findings from the Special Rapporteur's visit will be reflected in a preliminary report that will be submitted to Canada for its comments and consideration. A final version of the report will be circulated publicly and presented to the United Nations Human Rights Council. The report will include recommendations to Canada, indigenous governing bodies and, possibly, other interested parties on how to address issues of ongoing concern to indigenous peoples.

    Read more

    uploaded date: 05-09-2013