Panel Four: Bringing it together & challenges in implementation
This panel highlights elements of Panels One, Two, and Three and focuses on the areas where productive work should take place, as well as pitfalls to be avoided.
Moderated by Craig Benjamin, this panel features Bradley Young, Lorraine Land, Anne Marie Sam, as well as community discussion.
Click here for Bradley's full powerpoint presentation.
Mr. Bradley Young is an Opaskwayak Cree from the end of the North Saskatchewan River in present-day northern Manitoba, Canada. He holds a Master's degree in Governance, and has studied and spoken widely on Indigenous rights, development, culture and nation building.
Mr. Young was the first director of the Aboriginal Involvement Program of the Foothills Model Forest in the Rocky Mountains. He recently co-chaired an official bilateral round table between Russia and Canada in the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation.
In addition to his executive duties, he currently chairs FSC’s Permanent Indigenous Peoples’ Committee, where he is spearheading the inclusion of free, prior and informed consent in global forest management.
Lorraine Land is a partner at Olthuis Kleer Townshend LLP. She represents Aboriginal clients from across Canada, in negotiations and litigation on Aboriginal land rights and claims, Aboriginal consultation issues, impacts and benefits agreements, energy project reviews, and environmental matters. Lorraine was recently chosen by her peers, and named in Lexpert, as one of Canada’s leading Aboriginal law experts.
Lorraine has a Masters of Environmental Studies (with a concentration on Aboriginal co-management regimes), and a Certificate in Alternative Dispute Resolution. Before she was a lawyer, Lorraine worked for various national church and Aboriginal organizations on Aboriginal rights and environmental issues. Prior to re-joining OKT in 2009, Lorraine was Legal Counsel and the Acting Director of Legal Services for the Government of Nunavut, providing legal advice on a wide range of matters to the territorial government, and (as Acting Director) overseeing the provision of civil legal services in the territory.
In 2009, Lorraine received a Gold Key Alumni Award from Osgoode Hall Law School, for exceptional contributions to the legal profession and society, and accomplishment in the field of law. She is a member of the Ontario and Nunavut bars, past-chair of the Aboriginal Law Section of the Nunavut branch of the Canadian Bar Association, and served on the Executive of the Nunavut branch of the Canadian Bar Association.
Lorraine is currently adjunct faculty at Osgoode Law School, and teaches a course on Aboriginal Peoples and Resource Development. She lives in Lakefield, with her husband John Bird.
Anne Marie Sam:
Anne Marie Sam was raised in the Lusilyoo (frog) clan and is now a member of the Lhts'umusyoo (Beaver) clan from the Nak’azdli First Nation, Fort St James, located in North Central British Columbia.
After becoming the first in her family to complete a university degree program in history, Anne Marie returned home to Dakelh territory located in North Central British Columbia. She has been working on Indigenous traditional knowledge, land rights and environmental protection issues since she graduated from the University of Northern British Columbia in 1996.
Anne Marie has been raised with a strong connection to Dakelh traditions and culture. She is committed to developing policies that ensure Dakelh connection to the land and water is not pushed aside as resource development increases in the Nak’azdli territory. A large part of her work has been to inform government and industry of the importance of the land, water and wildlife to the identity of the Nak’azdli people.
In 2006 a mining company informed the Nak’azdli community that they were interested in proposing a mine development close to a Mountain known as Shus Nadloh, within the Nak’azdli Territory.This mine was being proposed in her family’s Keyoh (traditional lands that a clan or family have responsibility for, where for generations they have hunted, fished, collected medicinal plants and occupied). As a mother of three she had a responsibility to get informed about the proposed mine development, and how this development will impact her children and future generations.
Today the community of Nak’azdli has been impacted by the construction of the new Mount Milligan Project. Nak’azdli has serious concerns about the environmental and social impacts they are now experiencing and have taken it upon themselves to conduct environmental monitoring, and have developed a research project that is collecting data regarding the social and health impacts the new mine is having on their local community.
Currently Anne Marie is an Elected Councillor for the Community of Nak'azdli, an advisor with the Aboriginal Leadership Initiative, a board member of Mining Watch Canada, a member of First Nations Women Advocating Responsible Mining (FNWARM) and a MASc Candidate, Norman B. Keevil Institute of Mining Engineering at the University of British Columbia.
Moderated by Craig Benjamin:
Craig Benjamin is a member of the campaign staff of Amnesty International Canada where he coordinates the organization's work to promote the human rights of Indigenous Peoples. This work includes campaigning in support of the right of free, prior and informed consent.
Craig represented Amnesty International at the United Nations in Geneva during the final years of the development of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Craig contributed a chapter on FPIC to the new book, Indivisible: Indigenous Human Rights, edited by Joyce Green.